Inferior Vena Cava Filter Fracture and Migration: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

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Kylie Lepic MD FRCPC
Jeffrey S. Ginsberg MD FRCPC
Sonia S. Anand MD PhD
Ameen Patel MB FRCPC


Inferior vena cava (IVC) filters are an option for the prevention of pulmonary emboli in patients who have venous thrombosis and a contraindication to anticoagulation, but their placement is not without risk. We describe a case of a patient with a Gunther-Tulip IVC filter that fractured and migrated to the left distal pulmonary artery. The leg was removed using bronchoscopy forceps and a French sheath without complication. Fracture and migration of IVC filters is rare with only a few case reports in the literature. It is important to consider given the potential for significant morbidity and mortality.
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