Type B Lactic Acidosis in a Solid-Tumour Malignancy Without Liver Metastases A Rare Case of Refractory Acidosis

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Beatrice Preti
Jasna Deluce
Siddhartha Srivastava

Type B Lactic Acidosis, Solid Tumor Malignancy

Abstract

Malignancy-induced type B lactic acidosis is a rare, yet fascinating, cause of refractory acidosis in patients with cancer, often unresponsive to usual medical treatments. Case reports usually discuss the paraneoplastic phenomenon in hematologic malignancies; however, we present the case of a 72-year-old woman with metastatic breast cancer, who initially presented to hospital with an elevated lactate in the absence of acidosis. She appeared to improve with fluids; however, she then represented 2 weeks later with a severe metabolic acidosis and undetectable high lactate level. Ultimately, the patient did not respond well to supportive care, and the decision was made to pursue comfort-directed therapy.



Résumé
L’acidose lactique de type B induite par une tumeur est une cause rare, mais extrêmement intéressante, d’acidose réfractaire chez les patients cancéreux et qui, souvent, ne répond pas aux traitements médicaux habituels. Les études de cas traitent généralement du phénomène paranéoplasique des tumeurs malignes hématologiques; toutefois, nous présentons le cas d’une femme de 72 ans atteinte d’un cancer du sein métastatique, qui s’est d’abord présentée à l’hôpital pour un taux élevé de lactate dans le sang, mais sans acidose. Son état a semblé s’améliorer grâce à un apport de liquides; toutefois, elle s’est présentée de nouveau à l’hôpital deux semaines plus tard pour une acidose métabolique grave et un taux élevé de lactate indétectable. Au bout du compte, la patiente n’a pas bien répondu aux soins de soutien, et il a été décidé d’appliquer les soins de confort.

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