Postoperative Pain Management

Main Article Content

Yusuke Mazda
Sandra Jadin
James S. Khan

Perioperative medicine, pain management

Abstract

ABSTRACT
After surgery, over 80% of people experience moderate-to-severe acute pain. Poorly controlled postoperative pain limits recovery and is associated with detrimental short- and long-term morbidity. While surgeons have traditionally been responsible for postoperative pain management, all clinicians providing care for surgical patients have a basic understanding of common pharmacologic and interventional pain management strategies. In this review, we discuss the consequences of acute pain, approaches to pain assessment, and an overview of commonly used therapies to manage postoperative pain.


RÉSUMÉ
Après une opération, plus de 80 % des gens ressentent des douleurs aiguës modérées à intenses. Une douleur postopératoire mal maîtrisée limite le rétablissement et est associée à une morbidité défavorable à court et à long terme. Bien que les chirurgiens soient habituellement responsables du traitement de la douleur postopératoire, il est impératif que tous les cliniciens qui soignent des patients ayant subi une intervention chirurgicale aient une connaissance de base des stratégies pharmacologiques et interventionnelles courantes relatives au traitement de la douleur. Dans cette revue, nous abordons les conséquences de la douleur aiguë, les approches de l’évaluation de la douleur et un aperçu des traitements couramment utilisés pour traiter la douleur postopératoire.

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